What do you need to know when buying construction land in Croatia?

What do you need to know when buying construction land in Croatia?

When we decide to buy land, one of the most important items is whether it is agricultural or construction land. If we intend to build something, then we will certainly have in mind those lands that are designated as construction.

We can easily check whether a land is construction land by inspecting public registers. We can inspect the real estate cadastre for the area where the land is located or check it in the municipality. It is not necessary to buy construction land if we are planning a construction, it can also be agricultural land, but in that case it is necessary to repurpose it. Conversion from agricultural land to construction is a process that requires additional financial and not a small cost, so when choosing you should be decisive.

What interests us next is the condition of that property in the land register. We can say that this item is certainly among the most important. The condition in the land register speaks of the plot itself, of its surface, of its nature, of its ownership of it, of the encumbrances inscribed on it. Although the real estate can be acquired from an unregistered owner, the most ideal would be that the land registry condition is arranged so that the real estate is free of encumbrances such as liens, mortgages. There are cases where the buyer wants to buy only a part of a larger property, for the whole. And that is possible, and in that case it is necessary to parcel out the land and form a smaller one from a large particle, which is the subject of the purchase. When the subdivision studies are made, it is necessary to certify it in the real estate cadastre, which ex officio submits an application form to the land registry court, which reports to the court the formation of a new plot that needs to be entered in the land registry. If this is the case with you, we advise you to enter into a purchase agreement only when these previous actions have been performed.

Also, by inspecting the land register, it is necessary to determine whether there are any easements on the land. Most importantly, the land on which we intend to build has access to a public road. If access to the public road is not direct, in that case it should be checked whether there is an easement of the road. If the easement of the road has not already been registered, it should certainly be agreed with the owners of neighboring properties and the same should be entered in the land register in order to be insured.

We also need infrastructure for construction, so it would be desirable if water, electricity, telecommunication network, sewerage, etc. were built on the land or in the immediate vicinity. If such connections are not already installed on the land, the landowner bears the costs connecting to such connections and bringing them to the edge of your plot.

An important item is also the communal contribution. If the previous infrastructure was carried out to the land that is the subject of the purchase, the owner is obliged to pay a communal contribution which is the revenue of the municipality or city in whose territory the land is located. It is calculated according to the area of ​​the land and the building to be made on the land. Each municipality or city has its own coefficients according to which it calculates the amount of utility fees. It should be noted that there is a possibility of paying utility fees in installments, and even exemption if certain conditions are met, such as length of permanent residence in a municipality, etc., so it is worth studying the regulations issued by each municipality or city and which the method of calculating the communal contribution and the exemption from paying it is determined. The amount of utility fees is not negligible, so it pays to invest a little effort.

The spatial plan determines the complete picture of the organization of a municipality or city, so it is necessary to inspect the spatial plans to determine what is planned to be built near our land, in what position it is in relation to roads, which are the minimum land areas permitted construction, which is the maximum gross floor area of ​​the building and the coefficient of construction, positions of water supply, sewerage and transmission lines.

Keep in mind that all of these items significantly affect the price of land.